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Pastoral Interest & Public Interest
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Throughout the nineteenth century, huge tracts of colonial Australia were made "pastoral leases".

As early as the 1830's, the British realised two things about New South Wales: the colony's economic future depended on the expansion of the sheep herd, and large scale expansion of grazing would bring settlers into bloody conflict with Aborigines.

These prospects raised questions about the coexistence of graziers' and native title rights.

Some historians argue that the 'pastoral lease' was developed by the British to reconcile these potentially conflicting interests.

In fact in 1848, a British official, Earl Grey, told New South Wales' Governor Fitzroy that it was incumbent on Government to prevent Aborigines being excluded from the land used by pastoralists.
Crown Land
colonisation, doctrine of tenure, indigenous Australians, International law, native title, New South Wales, sovereignty, terra nullius
Wik & Co-Existence
coexistence, High Court of Australia, native title, native title claim, pastoral lease, pastoralists, Queensland, Thayorre people, Wik
Native Title & Industry
mining, native title, Native Title Act (1993), Native Title Amendment Bill, pastoral industry, pastoral lease, Wik
Learning To Live With Native Title
Cowley, Camilla, De Crispegny, Robert Champion, mining, native title, Normandy Mining, pastoralism, reconciliation
Earl Grey - An Historical Teaser
Feb, 11, 1848
Grey, Earl, High Court of Australia, land ownership, New South Wales, pastoral industry, pastoral lease, pastoralism, Queen Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia, Wik
South Australia's 'Leases of the Waste Lands of the Crown'
Jul, 1, 1851
coexistence, crown land, doctrine of tenure, pastoral industry, pastoral lease, South Australia
Colonial Warfare
Australia, colonial warfare, colonialism, colonists, genocide, land rights, martial law, massacres, Tasmania, war, Warlpiri
Terra Nullius & Australia
crown land, dispossession, doctrine of tenure, First Fleet, land rights, resistance, terra nullius
The Status Of Australian Colonies
crown land, land ownership, sovereignty, terra nullius
The judiciary has done its duty
Jan, 20, 1997
Common Law, High Court judgement, Mabo Case, Mabo, Edward Koiki, native title, terra nullius, Wik